Historical Women in Science
A Reference List
This list is not comprehensive, but merely a starting point for those interested in learning about historical women in science. It represents only some of the research that has been done while creating this podcast, and will continue to be updated to highlight new women in STEM. While efforts are made to seek out scientists of color and scientists from non-western countries, due to my location and current resources, this list has an admittedly western bias. If there is a scientist you would like to see added to this list, please consider sending us a message or submit a profile!
For short biographies about women in STEM visit the Historical Femme Features page (updated weekly).
27th Century ce
Merit-Ptah (27th Century CE), Egypt. Medicine.
25th Century CE.
Pesehet (25th Century CE), Egypt. Medicine.
23rd century ce
13th Century CE
Tapputi (13th Century CE). Babylonian Mesopotamia. Alchemy.
6th Century ce
Teano (6th Century CE). Mathematics.
Hypatia (6th Century CE). Mathematics.
5th Century CE
4th century ce
Agnodike (4th century BCE), Greece. The first woman physician to practice legally in Athens.
3rd Century CE
Cleopatra the Alchemist (3rd Century CE). Alchemy. 
Merit Ptah (3rd Century CE). Medicine.
Maria the Jewess (3rd Century CE), Egypt. Alchemy. 
2nd Century CE
Ban Zhao (2nd century CE), China. Astronomy.
Aglaonike (2nd century BCE), Greece. Astronomy.
Rufaida Al-Aslamia (7th-century), Saudi Arabia. Medicine.
Al-ijliya Al-astrulabi (10th century CE), Syria. Astronomy.
Fatima de Madrid (10th century CE), Islamic Spain. Astronomy.
Abella (11th century), Italy. Medicine.
Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179), Germany. Biology.
Gevher Nesibe (13th century). Medicine.
Adelmota of Carrara (14th-century), Italy. Medicine.
Jang geum (15th century), Royal Physician, Korea. Medicine.
Tan Yunxian (1461–1554), China. Medicine.
Catherine de Parthenay (1554–1631), France. Mathematics.
Sophia Brahe (1556–1643), Denmark. Astronomer.
Martine Bertereau (1600-1642), France. Mineralogy and Mining Engineering.
Maria Sibylla Merian (1647-1717), Germany. Entomology. 
Emilie du Chatelet (1706-1749), France. Physics.
Laura Bassi (1711-1778), Italy. Physics. 
Eliza Lucas Pinckney (1722-1793), United States. Botany. 
Jacoba van de Brande (1735-1974), Netherlands. Physics.
Maria Gaetana Agnesi (1718-1799), Italy. Mathematics. 
Marie-Anne Pierrette Paulze (1758-1836), France. Chemistry. 
Wang Zhen Yi (1768–1797), China. Astronomy.
Etheldred Benett (1776-1845), UK. Geology. 
Jeanne Villepreux-Power (1794-1871), France. Marine Biology. 
Mary Anning (1799-1847), UK. Paleontology.
Mary Seacole (1805–1881) Army Nurse, US, Jamaican-British. Medicine.
Rebecca Lee Crumpler (1831–1895). Medicine.
Sofia Kovalevskaya (1850-1935, Russia. Mathematics.
Anna Galvis Hotz (1855–1934), Columbia. Gynecology.
Zelia Nuttal (1857–1993), México. Archaeology.
Rakhmabi Bhikaji (1864–1955), India. Medicine.
Anandibai Joshi (1865–1887); India. Medicine.
Ynes Mexia (1870–1938), US- México. Botany,
Emmy Noether (1882-1935), Germany. Mathematics.
Roger Arliner Young (1889–1964); USA. Zoology.
May Edward Chin (1896–1980); US, Chickahominy and African American. Medicine.
Martha Euphemia Lofton Haynes (1900–1980) US, African American. Mathematics.
Helia Bravos Hollis (1901–2001), México. Botany,
Hilena Sedarous (1904–1998) Egypt. Medicine.
Nise da Silveira (1905–1999). Medicine.
Bertha Parker Pallan Cody (1907–1978), Native American, US. Archaeology.
Mary Golda Ross (1908–2008); aerospace engineer, Cherokee. Engineering.
Dorothy Vaughan (1910–2008). NASA Computer Scientist, US, African American. Technology.
Chien-Shiung Wu (1912–1997), experimental nuclear physics, Chinese-American. Physics.
Marjorie Lee Browne (1914–1979), US, African American. Mathematics.
Sameera Moussa (1917–1952); nuclear physics, Egyptian. Physics.
Luisa Eugenia Navas Bustamante (1918 — ); Chile. Botany.
Katherine Johnson (1918-present), US. Mathematics.
Ālenush Teriān (1920–2011), Iran-Armenia. Astronomy.
Mary Jackson (1921–2005). NASA engineer, US, African American. Engineering.
Maggie Gee (1923–2013); Chinese American. Physics.
Carme Adelina Gutiérrez Alonso (1925–2015), Chile. Astronomy.
Annie Easley (1933 — 2011). NASA computer scientist + mathematician, US, African-American. Technology.
Azar Andami (1936–1984), Iran. Bacteriology.
Đặng Thùy Trâm (1942–1970), Vietnam. Medicine.
Maharani Chakravorty (1947–2015); India. Biochemistry.
Maryam Mirzakhani (1977–2011), Iran. Mathematics.